The 10 Largest Ports in the World
One dominant factor is decisive for the position of international ports in the ranking of the 10 largest ports in the world: the number of standard containers handled in the respective port. A standard container is 2.438 meters wide and 6.058 meters long.
- Rotterdam (Netherlands)
Although the port of Rotterdam, located in the Rhine-Maas delta at the mouth of the Rhine, is by far Europe’s largest port facility, the port of Rotterdam, with around 12 million standard-size containers handled, only ranks last in the ranking of the ten largest ports in the world.
- Dubai (Dubai City)
This port is the largest human-made deep-sea port to date. It is located about 40 kilometers from Dubai City and was expanded into an international free trade area in the 1970s. Here on the edge of the desert, an average of 13 million standard containers are handled.
- Qingdao (China)
It is still in eighth place – in 2020 the Chinese port is said to have expanded to become the largest in the world. The port of Qingdao currently has a total of 81 berths for ships. More than
13 million containers – if it is the world’s largest port, it should be at least 30 million standard containers.
- Guangzhou (China)
This Chinese port facility is classified by experts as the third largest Chinese economic factor after Beijing and Shanghai. With almost 15 million containers, it is now China’s fourth largest port – or number five if Hong Kong is included.
- Ningbo-Zhoushan-Hafen (China)
It was created through the merger of the Chinese ports of Ningbo and Zhoushan in January 2006. Today the port on the Chinese east coast handles around 15 million standard containers.
- Busan (South Korea)
This South Korean port occupies a middle place in the ranking of the ten largest ports in the world. The container throughput is growing continuously and is currently around 17 million. This port is also South Korea’s most important logistics center.
- Shenzhen (China)
The port of Shenzhen in the south of the Guangdong province is currently the second largest port in China, with around 23 million standard containers handled.
- Hong Kong (Hong Kong)
Even in the days when Hong Kong was still a British crown colony, the port of Hong Kong was the world’s most important transshipment point for international industrial products. Today Hong Kong is an economically strong special administrative region on the south coast of China – with a handling of around 25 million containers, Hong Kong’s port is the third largest port in the world.
“Majulah Singapura” is the motto of the smallest country in Southeast Asia. Translated from the Malay it means “Forward, Singapore”. True to this motto, the Port of Singapore has developed into the second largest port on earth with around 30 million containers handled.
- Shanghai (China)
Shanghai is by far the most important industrial city in the People’s Republic of China. The port of Shanghai handles most of the Chinese foreign trade as well as the inner-Chinese coastal trade via six high-performance terminals and the new Yangshan deep-water port in Hangzhou Bay. The merger of various high-performance systems currently handles around 32 million standard containers.
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